We hear many people talking about child abuse but I am not sure what it is. There are different kinds of abuse like social; physical and emotional abuse. Neglecting a child is a form of abuse.
Child Physical Abuse is the International Infliction of an Injury on a Child. These are Indicators that a Child is being physically abused:
Physical indicators of physical child abuse:
- Bite marks
- Bruises on uncommonly injured body surfaces
- High incidence of accidents or frequent injuries
- Fractures/broken bones in unusual places such as the skull, ribs etc.
- Injuries, swellings to face and extremities
- Discolouration of skin
- Blunt-instrument marks
- Human hand marks
- Multiple injuries at different stages of healing
- Evidence of poor care/failure to thrive
Behavioural indicators of physical child abuse:
- Avoids physical contact with others
- Is apprehensive when other children cry
- Wears clothing to purposely conceal injury, such as long sleeves
- Refuses to undress for sport or for required physical exams at school
- Give inconsistent versions about occurrences of injuries
- Seems frightened of parents
- Is often late/absent from school
- Comes to school early and seems reluctant to go home afterwards
- Has difficulty getting along with others
- Plays aggressively and often hurts peers
- Complains of pain upon movement of contact
- Has a history of running away from home
- I have the right to a loving and caring family, a proper safe and comfortable home, clothing and healthy food.
- I have the right to be told the house rules of where I live.
- As a child, I should not be forced to work.
- I have the right to an education suitable to my aptitudes and abilities.
- I have the right to a say in my care and any changes to how I am cared for, according to my age and maturity.
- I have the right to get special care for special needs.
- I have the right to be protected from hurt.
- I have the right to good health care if I am sick and to be kept away from cigarettes, alcohol and drugs.
- I am a real person and have a right to be treated properly.
- I have the right to be taken seriously and to make mistakes.
- I have the right to my own religion and culture.
- I have the right to my name and my nationality.
- I have the right to be treated the same, no matter what my colour, race gender, language or religion.
- I have the right to be proud of my heritage and beliefs.
- I have the right to speak and be heard.
- I have the right to send and receive a private mail that is not read or opened by others.
- I have the right to privacy.
- I have the right to own my own things.
- I have the right to speak and visit in private with my family or any other person like my big friend, a person representing me like my social worker or my lawyer.
- I have a right to a lawyer in courtrooms and hearings affecting my future.
- I have a right to live in a nice place and not be put in prison or in a police cell.
- I have the right to know what my rights are.